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durch  |  26-Dec-2014 17:36

Whether it also extended over northern Poland and parts of England ().

The culture is usually taken to be an expression of the first complete adaptation to, and year-round presence in, the recently deglaciated landscape of Southern Scandinavia.

Or did it first develop late in Allerød times in response to an ecological catastrophe which took place around 12 900 cal yr BP; i.e.

Using pollen and plant macrofossil data, Lateglacial lacustrine deposits containing waste material from the settlement can be assigned to the end of the climatically mild Allerød period. By correlation with climate data from the Greenland ice cores, the occupation can be assigned to the early part of the cold climatic zone GS-1, thus demonstrating that the global ice-core climate zones are not absolutely synchronous with the regional division into biozones.).

Despite the fact that research has been carried out into the Bromme culture through several decades, it remains one of the most poorly-dated archaeological cultures of the North European lowlands.

Significant cultural-historical questions therefore remain unresolved. For example: Did the culture emerge under the influence of the Allerød period's mild climate and the rapidly improving ecological potential for a hunter-fisher-gatherer existence in Southern Scandinavia (Fischer, 1991 and Eriksen, 2002)?

An element in this adaptation was that the meticulous and economical (in terms of raw material) flint technology that had been practised in the preceding and generally more southerly distributed Hamburg and Federmesser cultures was abandoned in favour of a significantly simpler, in technical terms, and markedly more profligate craft tradition.

This change probably reflects the relative abundance of large flint nodules of good quality to which the population gained access when they made their entry into the Southern Scandinavian young-moraine landscape (Fischer, 1991 and Petersen, 2009).

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